WHAT IS IT: A colonoscopy is performed with a small video camera called an endoscope, which is moved through the length of the large intestine during the examination. Physicians can also insert other small tools into the colon through the endoscope should they discover an abnormality that needs to be biopsied.
WHAT CAUSES IT: Colonoscopies are used for a variety of diagnoses and treatment, including colon cancer, colitis, polyps, anemia, chronic diarrhea or constipation, and other abdominal symptoms.
WHAT IS IT: During an Upper GI Endoscopy, and endoscope is inserted through the patient’s mouth and slowly moved through the upper gastrointestinal tract to examine it for abnormalities. The upper GI tract is composed of your mouth, esophagus, stomach, and small intestine.
WHAT CAUSES IT: Upper GI Endoscopies are performed to help diagnose abdominal pain or determine why a patient is experiencing trouble swallowing. Conditions such as ulcer disease and gastritis can also be discovered through this procedure.